Dropping the temperature to about 60 F at night will not hurt the plant. Yes. If your home tends to be dry and your poinsettia is in direct light, you will find yourself watering more frequently, but never water every day. He took the plant outside during the warm months and replanted it in a huge pot to allow it to grow. Can poinsettias grow outdoors? Poinsettias are only hardy in USDA zones 10-12, but will tolerate a VERY light frost. It is particularly well known for its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays. However, cold drafts, allowing the leaves to touch a cold window, or more importantly, lack of decent light, can injure the leaves and cause premature leaf drop. If Euphorbia pulcherrima is the scientific name for these plants, one may well ask how their common name (which looks like it should … Poinsettia plants outdoors must have a sunny corner to call home, somewhere protected from harsh winds that can damage them quickly. Keep your poinsettias away from drafts and chilly air. Growing a Poinsettia plant outdoors generally requires a minimum temperature of about 45°, but they grow best when night temperatures are about 60°. To be safe, wash your hands after handling a poinsettia plant and try to avoid pinching or pruning them with your hands. I have been told they might get damaged if to big in a Hurricane. A wilted plant can be revived and salvaged, but it will take another season to improve its appearance. If the plant stands in water, the roots will rot. Euphorbias, the plant family that includes poinsettias, exude a milky sap when broken. Usually, this is from June to July in temperate zones. Poinsettia thrives in bright light as a houseplant and also outdoors in partial shade in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11. If you live in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12, you can begin planting poinsettia outdoors. Poinsettia … Many Americans only see poinsettia plants when they are wrapped in tinsel on the holiday table. If that’s your experience, it’s time you learned about growing poinsettia plants outside. Just be sure that cold temperatures in your area don’t drop below 45 degrees F. (7 C.). If you wish to keep your poinsettia through more than one season and force reblooming, follow these steps. Symmetry will make for a more attractive display. Re-pot your plant in June and place it outside in indirect sunlight, and now is the time to fertilise your poinsettia again with a mixture of half recommended strength. Actually, they are not flowers but modified leaves called bracts. When you are growing poinsettia plants outside, choose a spot with slightly acidic, well-draining soil. When poinsettia plants fail early in the season, it can most often be attributed to too much, or too little watering. Be sure it drains well to avoid root rot. Be careful when transporting poinsettias from the shop to your home in the winter, as the cold outdoor temperatures can damage the foliage. If your home is dry during the winter months, a humidifier or plant mister can help your plant stay hydrated. While it may be easier to buy new plants each year, it is possible to get them to rebloom the next season. Over-watering causes the most issues for poinsettia plants. Poinsettia plants are native to Mexico, where they can grow up to 16 feet (4.9 m) tall. 'Tri-Color' has bracts in red, white, and pink. Don’t transplant poinsettia plants outdoors right after Christmas. However, if you think you can keep it in the same pot as you bought it, that will not be possible. Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball. Plant Care For Poinsettias Planted Outside. Poinsettia, or euphorbia pulcherrima are a traditional Christmas gift in both the Northern Hemisphere, where they flower during winter and in Australia. If you are going to try to re-bloom the plant, keep it in its pot and pinch new growth during the summer to keep the plant compact and contained. Since the plant flowered naturally during the Christmas season, it became readily linked with the holiday. Poinsettia needs is to be transferred to the soil in your garden and grow outside, where it forms huge tree-shaped shrubs over the years. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. Feed every three to four weeks. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Don’t transplant poinsettia plants … If left unpinched, the poinsettia will grow tall and spindly. In June, prune the poinsettia again and continue fertilizing and watering lightly through the end of the summer. If you opt to use water soluble fertilizer, add it to the watering can every other week. Water until it drains out the bottom, but do not let the plant sit in water. They are also safe to put into the compost. Traditionally grown as a potted plant, over time the plant grows 3 to 10 feet tall and 3 to 7 feet wide. Some stores sell poinsettias in cellophane cones that will protect the plant from wind damage, but if it’s bitterly cold outside, the bracts and leaves could still suffer. In one of the best cases of return on investment, Mike Doehl turned a $5 poinsettia bought at a Montreal store three years ago into a looming giant. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener. 'Jingle Bells' has red bracts dotted with pink. The poinsettia is a tropical plant native to Mexico. Caring for outdoor poinsettia plants is not very time consuming or intricate. By using The Spruce, you accept our, 10 Top Outdoor Garden Plants That Thrive Indoors, How to Grow and Care for String of Dolphins. Poinsettia: Expert tips on caring for your poinsettia plant and extending its lifespan. The plant needs specific conditions in order to make it turn the deep red and green it is famous for around the Christmas holidays. Give them enough sun, warmth, and water and your poinsettia will provide perfect seasonal color. This range includes coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest, large swaths of California, southern Texas, and some areas of the Gulf Coast, as well as parts of … Known as Christmas Stars, the Poinsettia is a staple Christmas plant for the home. Tångavägen 5, 447 34 Vårgårda info@futureliving.se 0770 - 17 18 91 Poinsettia is a plant that can be kept all year round. Many people are sensitive to this sap, which can cause an itchy rash. Half of this plant's charm is its bright red foliage, so the brighter the bracts, the better. Wait until the outdoor temperatures at night are consistently 55 degrees F or above before you transplant it into the garden. Come late August, it's time to bring your poinsettia back indoors and place it in a suitable location where it can enjoy a fairly consistent temperature. Growing Poinsettias Outside. On the other hand, if you live somewhere where winters are mild, you might think of poinsettias as an outdoor option – they are considered hardy in Zones 9-11. Sunlight should be available for the Poinsettia for at least five hours a day. Warmer zones may be able to move the plant outdoors earlier. This is to encourage a stout, well-branched plant. The original Poinsettias were from Mexico, and they reached 2m plus in height. A more likely problem to watch out for is contact dermatitis. Poinsettias grow best in well-lit areas, but direct sun or hot lights can dry out the plants. June: Move the poinsettia outside, pot and all. Prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Do not fertilize poinsettias during the blooming period. Wilting is a common cause of leaf drop. If you live in a place with mild winters, you can plant the poinsettia outside as a perennial. Water in a sink, and let the excess water drain completely. The poinsettia was introduced to the United States in 1825 by Joel Poinsett, the first U.S. ambassador to Mexico. Avoid plants with cracked branches. If you've ever seen a leggy poinsettia in bloom, with only a couple of sad looking leaves hanging on, it was probably exposed to temperatures that were too cool or to extreme shifts in temperature. Once you see green shoots in spring, start a regular watering and feeding program. The name poinsettia is derived from his name. You can keep your poinsettia healthy and vigorous throughout the holiday season with the right care. Look for these varieties: For years, poinsettias have had the bad reputation of being poisonous. And how? They need a minimum temperature of 13-15°C (55-59°F). Be sure it drains well to avoid root rot. Poinsettias are very nice plants to grow in the winter months specially in December. When you start planting poinsettia outdoors, you’ll have to find a location with similar attributes. The bright bracts are designed to attract insects to the tiny yellow flowers in their centers. When keeping the plant through the year, begin fertilizing in the spring at half strength when there's no growth—not until then. If it gets too hot and dry, their growth might slow. Once the outside night time temperature is consistently above 10 °C, you should move your poinsettia outside to a bright, shaded location. However, poinsettias have undergone extensive testing and there is no evidence that they are toxic or unsafe to have in the house. Water your poinsettia when the surface of the soil is dry to the touch. Plant taxonomy classifies Christmas poinsettias as Euphorbia pulcherrima, literally, "the most beautiful Euphorbia" (Euphorbia is not only a genus name but also the name of a large plant family). Hybridizers have expanded the range of colors from the familiar red to pastel yellow and vibrant bicolors. Poinsettias are tropicals and will appreciate as much direct sunlight as you can provide. Poinsettia plants outdoors must have a sunny corner to call home, somewhere protected from harsh winds that can damage them quickly. Poinsettias can retain their color until March if they are not exposed to freezing temperatures. Research has proven that the poinsettia is not lethal to humans or pets unless eaten in extremely large amounts. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. A loose, well-draining peat-based potting soil is best for your poinsettia. Indigenous to Mexico and Central America, the poinsettia was first described by Europeans in 1834. The familiar red blooms have been joined by even flashier colors. Keep your Poinsettia plant near a sunny window where it will have the most available sunlight. Alternatively, use slow release pellets in spring. Once all of the leaves have died back, prune the bushes back to two buds and keep it in a bright location. Prevent this by regular trimming. Pinching back the tips of new growth creates a bushier plant, but the bracts themselves are smaller. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Continue the same watering and fertilizing … Then, place your plant in a nicely lit window and water it well. For more information about poinsettia plants outdoors, read on. 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The botanical name for the poinsettia is … Prep Your Poinsettia for Outdoors Once the holidays are over, turn your attention to poinsettia plant care that prepares the plant for its move outdoors. Sign up for our newsletter. Keep it in a partially shaded location and maintain your watering and fertilizing schedule. Poinsettias need bright, but filtered light, away from strong sun and draughts. If you want to save your poinsettia and bring it to bloom again next year, you can follow the repotting and reblooming procedure. July: In early July, pinch back each stem by about one inch. December 29, 2008 by Jamie Jamison Adams 2 Comments. Give the plant a good watering, but don't flood or soak it — gravel in the bottom of the pot will help keep the roots dry. Think of milkweed, another common Euphorbia. When you are growing poinsettia plants outside, choose a spot with slightly acidic, well-draining soil. The poinsettia is not a poisonous plant. Poinsettia indoor plant. Here are the things to look out for when buying a poinsettia: Look for fully extended foliage without wilting or browning edges. If it’s your potted holiday plant that makes you ask about planting poinsettia outdoors, you have to start treating the plant well from the moment it arrives. However, your poinsettia and all other houseplants should be kept out of the reach of small children and pets, since varying degrees of discomfort may be experienced if plant … The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Euphorbia pulcherrima is a shrub or small tree, it is commonly grown as an indoor plant where it prefers good morning sun, the flowering poinsettia can be kept outside the range of colors from the familiar red to pastel yellow and vibrant bi-colors. Julie Thompson-Adolf is a master gardener and author with 13+ years of experience with year-round organic gardening, seed starting and saving, growing heirloom plants, perennials, and annuals, and sustainable and urban farming. To keep the poinsettia in bloom as long as possible, maintain a temperature of 65 to 75 F during the day. Note that some fancy colors, such as blue, are produced using dyes and the plant won't bloom again with the same color of bracts. Besides the traditional red, you will find different colors to enjoy, including cream, yellow, and pink. Poinsettia plants outdoors tend to grow tall and leggy. How to grow poinsettias in a garden Choose a spot in the garden that receives full sun to part shade that is sheltered from strong winds. 2 Be realistic about the plant's appearance. It is native to Mexico, and they need a warm climate … Water your potted poinsettia when the soil starts getting dry and place it in a sunny location in your home, protected from air currents. Make sure to water the poinsettia whenever the surface of the soil feels dry. June: Now, keeping your poinsettia in its pot, move it outside into a partially shaded location. In the right climate and with the right planting location and care, these bright Christmas favorites can shoot up to 10-foot (3 m.) shrubs in rapid order. They certainly are not meant to be eaten by humans, pets, or livestock and ingesting poinsettias would probably cause some stomach upset, as would eating almost any houseplant. A poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) will grow into a large shrub if transplanted outdoors in warm areas of the U.S. This will be within survivable poinsettia growing zones. Poinsettias are considered shrubs or small trees that can grow as tall as 13 feet. Therefore, while growing a poinsettia outdoors may be an easy task in some tropical and semi-tropical areas, making it turn color can … Not only can overwatering lead to the yellowing of leaves, it can also rot away the root structure, killing the plant in the process. If the pot is covered by the typical foil wrapping, remove the foil to allow the water to drain. The poinsettia (Euphorbia pulcherrima) is a commercially important plant species of the diverse spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Water the plant whenever the surface feels dry to the touch. Lack of humidity during dry seasons, in particular, winter, is an ongoing houseplant problem. Throughout the spring, you should aim to expose your poinsettia to lightly cooler temperatures, of between 13 °C to 18 °C (55 °F to 65 °F). After your poinsettia drops its leaves, cut the stems back to 4 to 6 inches high and let it go somewhat dry between waterings. They are grown especially for the Christmas market in Australia under controlled conditions. Because poinsettias have been forced into bloom, they need some extra care to keep them in bloom throughout the holidays. Poinsettia plants (Euphorbia pulcherrima) remain one of the most popular holiday flowers. Place the poinsettia near a sunny window. So please help me know how to protect them. Your plant should be kept at a temperature of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit and should be fertilized every two weeks. Many people buy poinsettia plants to decorate for Christmas and aren't sure how to care for them when the red leaves fall away. Depending on your climate, poinsettias tend to due better outside than in, so grow them outside where they get partial shade in the afternoon. South-, east- or west-facing windows are preferable to a north-facing window. Make sure the container has a hole in the bottom. Be especially careful not to rub your eyes after touching the plants. 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